September 12, 2021

The complaining party must prove that the contract is valid and that it has suffered damage as a result of the infringement. In more complex situations, such as multinational trade negotiations, a bilateral treaty can be what is called a “side deal”. In other words, both sides are involved in the general negotiations, but may also see the need for a separate treaty that only concerns their common interests. For an acceptance to be valid, it must normally be identical to the offer. [11] This is usually called the reflection rule. If the acceptance is not a reflection of the offer, it is considered a refusal and a counter-offer that can be accepted by the original supplier. For example, Eric asks, “Dan, will you agree to paint my fence blue for $150?” and Dan answers, “Green is a better color.

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